Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA)


  • entire small intestine with mesentery
  • part of the stomach (cardiac zone and pyloric zone with a part of the esophagus)
  • liver with gall bladder and structures of the hepatoduodenal ligament
  • spleen and kidneys
  • cecum with appendix and mesoappendix
  • ascending and part of the transverse colon with mesocolon
  • superior mesenteric artery with branches and arcades
  • includes the posterior abdominal wall and part of pelvis for stability and topographic orientation
  • includes part of the diaphragm